Out of the total export through Kochi port coffee accounted for 5.4% followed by tea 4.9%, coir products (4.7%), cashew Kernels and seafoods (4%) and spices (2.2%).
Total value of foreign export through Kochi port increased from Rs. 6251.20 crore in 2001-02 to 6532.76 crore in 2002-03. Out of the total value of export in 2002-03 cashew Kernels accounted for Rs. 1585.47 crore followed by pepper (Rs.633.69 crore), seafoods (Rs.623.76 crore), Coir products (Rs.428.92 crores), coffee (Rs.387.37 crore), tea (Rs.325.23 crore), cardamom (Rs.25.21 crore), and ginger (Rs.14.86 crore).
Commodity composition of Kerala’s Imports.
Commodity wise imports through Kochi port are given in Appendix 16.2. The category “miscellaneous” mostly consisting of petroleum products accounted for 89.34% of the total imports through Kochi port during 2002-03. Growth rate of import of raw cashew nuts grew by 19.56% in 2002-03 compared to the previous year. But during the previous year the increase was 242%. Import of cashew nuts through Kochi port was only 217249 tonnes in 2001-02, but rose to 259736 tonnes during 2002-03. Import of Iron , steel and machinery was 231033 tonnes in 2002-03 as against 144787 tonnes during 2001-02 registering an annual growth rate of 59.57% in 2002-03.
During 2002-03 the share of Kerala in the overall export of marine products from the country was17.42% in quantity and 15.20% in value. The share in the previous year was 17.14% and 15.97% respectively. In the year 2002-03 the total exports from Kerala was 81393 M.T and the value realized was Rs.1045.82 crore. This was 11.87% and 10.02% respectively more than the previous year 2001-02.
Export from Kerala during 2001-02 had been 630. M.T valued at Rs.40.32 crore as against 384 M.T valued at Rs.25.35 crore during 2002-03.
However the export of ginger from Kerala declined from 2560 M.T valued at Rs.14.14 crore in 2001-02 to 2415 M.T valued at Rs.13.71 crore during 2002-03. Export of turmeric from Kerala showed an increase. During 2000-01 Kerala’s export was 2682 tonnes valued at Rs.11.90 crore. It increased to 4800 M.T and the export value was Rs.17.87 crore during 2001-02. But during 2002-03 export of turmeric recorded a slight decrease in quantity. The quantity exported was 4770 M.T and value realised was Rs.24.09 crore. Export of curry powder from Kerala also increased. During 2001-02 Kerala’s export was 1100 tonnes and the export value realised was to Rs.10.71 crore. It became 1695 M.T and Rs.16.99 crore respectively during 2002-03.
Export of spice oils and oleoresins from Kerala also has increased in quantity and value. The export during 2002-03 was 3496 tonnes valued at Rs.309.96 crore as against 3150 tonnes valued at Rs.291.62 crore during 2001-02. But the unit value realised during 2001-02 was Rs.925.77 per kg, which came down to Rs.883.92 per kg during 2002-03.
Tea was cultivated in an area of 36,800 ha. in Kerala during 1999-2000. The production of tea in Kerala decreased from 69.3 million kgs in 2000 to 66.1 milion kgs in 2001-02. Again it has come down to 65.8 million kgs in 2002-03. Tea exported through Kochi port during 2001-02 was 96155. M.T valued at Rs.205.48 crore. It increased to 103544 M.T valued at Rs.325.23 crore in 2002-03.