suited to the growth of teak, the tract encouraged large scale
teak plantations thorugh artifical regeneration in the early
20's. This was, however, abandoned when a full-fledged Wildlife
department was formed in 1985. 9,000 ha of teak plantations
in the sanctuary are being managed in such a way as to restore
the forest's original status. A giant teak tree 40m high and
6.4m in girth is a standing monument of the past aptly named
Several streams originate from the hill ranges and flow down
westward to join the river Chalakudi. The terrain is most
undulating with a valley in the basin. The Karimala Gopuram
is the highest peak (1444m). The average elevation is about
The sanctuary receives much heaviyer rains between June and
August. The eastern part of the sanctuary receives more rains
in October-November. Temperature drops substantially and mist
envelops the sanctuary in the morning hours.
Dams and Lakes
Three dams have been built by the Tamil Nadu Government under
the Parambikulam-Aliyar Project. The reservoir harbours several
kinds of aquatic fauna. The area of water-spread of each lake
is as follows.
Natural forests are classifieds as follows; 1. West coast
tropical evergreen forests. 2. West coast semi evergreen forests.
3. South Indian moist deciduous forests. 4. South Indian dry
deceiduous forests. 5. Moist bamboo brakes. 6. Reed brakes.
Tropical Evergreen forests (Area 50 sq.kms approximately)
A Wide variety of trees grow here. The top canopy consists
of Palai, Punna, Nangu, Vediplavu, Kalpine, Aini, Vellapine,
Kambakam, Vellagil, Pathiri, Nedunar, etc.Lower canopy predominantly
consists of Vetti, Kara, Nasagam, Marotti, Kurukutti, Cheru,
Mullialvu etc. Undergrowth comprises Antidesma, Calamus, Glycosmis,
lxora species, etc.
Semi-Evergreen Forests (Extent 30 sq.kms.)
Both evergreen and moist deciduous species are found in these
Moist Deciduous Forests (Extent 70sq.kms)
Top Canopy :
Manjakadambu, Vaka, Pala, Elavu, Vembu, Rosewood,Aval,
, Teak, Maruthi, Pathiri, etc.
Lower Canopy :
Arampuli, Pezhu, Konna, Kodapunna, MurukkuKanjiram, Bamboos,
Southern Dry Deciduous Forests (Extent 15 sq.kms)
Top Canopy : Teak, Vengal, Muzhukanjiram, Maruthy,
Vaka,Mulluvenga, Rosewood etc. Middle & Lower Canopy :
Veppu (Neem), Manja-nathi, Sandal,etc.with moi-stpatches of
Dendrocala- mus and Bamaboosa arun-dinacea.Undergrowth is
chiefly of Lantana and Heli-cteres besides grass.
Mammals: Bonnet macaque, Liontailed macaque, Nilgiri
langur, Loris, Tiger, Leopar, Jungle cat, Civet, Mongoose,
Fox, Bear, Elephant, Gaur, Nilgiri Tahr, Spotted Deer, Sambar,
Barking deer, Wild boar, Pangolin etc.
Reptiles: Crocodile, Varanus, Pond Terapin, Cane Turtle,
Gecko Skink, Chameleon,Snakes like King Cobra, Spectacled
Cobra, Krait, Viper, Python,Green keel back, Rat snake, Vine
Fishes : Aral,bral,vattudi,thilopia, noori, mooshu,
poochutti, kollotty, exyprius,taral, etc.
: Darter, Little Cormorant, Black eagle, Lesser adjutant
stork, Black capped kingfisher, Great Indian hornbill, Broad
billed roller, Black woodpecker.
The sanctuary is headed by a Divisional Forest Officer with
headquarters at Thunacadavu and is under the direct control
of the Field Director, Project Tiger. There are four ranges
with 13 sections.
The sanctuary is accessible by road. Buses ply between Pollachi
and Parambikulam. Pollachi is 60kms away and has a railway
station. The nearest airport is Coimbatore, 100kms away. Visitors
can have boat rides in the Parambikulam lake and tour the
sanctuary with the help of guides.
There is a forest rest house at Thunacadavu. The parambikulam
Project also provides accommodation. There are several hotels
in Pollachi and Coimbatore.
: 10°20' and 10° 26' N
Longitude : 76° 35' and 76° 50'
Average - 1720 mm.
Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife)
Thiruvananthapuram - 695 014, Kerala
Phone : 322217.
The Conservator of Forests (Wildlife)
Divisional Forests Officer
Thunacadavu P.O. -678 661.
Pollachi, Palakkad district, Kerala.