Power Sector in Kerala 
In Kerala, shortage of power is the prime obstacle in starting new initiatives in the industrial field. The need for power is increasing and the production of power should also be increased accordingly. Monsoon is essential to sustain the hydropower base in the state and the shortage in rainfall usually creates power crisis. Hydel energy is the most reliable and dependable source in Kerala. Of the total installed capacity of 2881 MW during 2012-13, hydel contributed the major share of 2053 MW (71%); while 793MW was contributed by thermal projects including NTPC at Kayamkulam (Kerala’s dedicated thermal station) and Kanjikode wind farm, Palakkad has contributed 2MW. Wind Energy from IPP is 33 MW. Additional capacity generated during 2012-13 was only 8 MW (0.28%) that is 2881 MW in 2012-13 against 2873 MW in 2011-12.  
Fig 1 highlights total installed capacity in Kerala from hydel, thermal and wind sources.
 Fig 1
Total Installed Capacity 
  
 Performance of Power Sector Agencies 
Power development activities in the state are carried out mainly through four agencies viz, Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB), Agency for Non-conventional Energy and Rural Technology (ANERT), Electrical Inspectorate and Energy Management Centre (EMC). The Outlay and Expenditure of these departments for the last three years are shown in Table1.
Table 1- Outlay and Expenditure


Sl.
No

Department

Annual Plan 2011-12

% of Expt.

Annual Plan 2012-13

% of Expt.

Annual Plan 2013-14

Outlay

Expt.

Outlay

Expt.

Outlay

Expt. as on 30.11.2013

1

KSEB

103600

105677.00

102

111875

52129.09

46.60

117612

70119.21

2

ANERT

5950

2000.00

33.6

4226

1366.08

32.33

3980

132.22

3

MTSL

130

130.00

100

320

196.37

60.37

340

5.15

4

EMC

2620

1600.00

61

120

120.01

100.00

338

40.31

Total

104700

109407.00

104.5

116541

53811.55

46.17

122270

70296.89

The outlay earmarked for power sector during the Annual plan 2013-14 was `122270 lakh. The expenditure as on 30.11.2013 is ` 70296.89 lakh (57.49%).
 Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) Limited
www.kseb.in‎ 
KSEB is the driving force behind development of the state of Kerala. KSEB has been responsible for the generation, transmission and supply of electricity in the state, with particular mandate to provide electricity at affordable cost to the domestic as well as for agricultural purposes.

For more information: spb.kerala.gov.in 
Source: Economic Review 2013