the formation of Shenduruny as a wildlife sanctuary, the area
was under the Thenmala Forest Division. Both clear felling
and selection felling were once practised in this area to
a large extent. Large tracts of forests were clearfelled and
such areas were converted to plantations. Besides, the widening
of the Thiruvananthapuram - Shencottah road (T.S.Road) during
the 40's also enhanced the deterioration of the Shenduruny
forests. Despite all these disturbances the fauna status of
Shenduruny valley was found to be some what well, especially
in the eastern mountainous zone. So, according to the recommendations
by the Quilon Circle Committee report, the Government declared
Shenduruny as wildlife sanctuary on August 25, 1984. Now the
sanctuary comes under the Thiruvananthapuram Wildlife Division.
Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the southern
part of the Western Ghats (8°50' and 8°55'N; 77°5'and
77°15'E) in the Pathanapuram taluk of Kollam district.
The sanctuary covers a total area of 100.32 sq.kms. However,
the border with Tamil Nadu has not been fully surveyed.
Shenduruny has a rich heritage. A recent study conducted
by Dr.P.Rajendran, archaeological research associate of
the Poona Deccan College, has resulted in the excavation
of the remains of Stone Age culture from a large cave situated
at the north -western part of the Shenduruny river. It was
proved that these remains belong to the Mesolithic period.
study brought out the fact that the Shenduruny River Valley
Civilization was one among the oldest River Valley Civilizations
in India. It dates back from 5210 to 4420 B.C. older than
the Indus Valley Civilization which is believed to have
flourished from 4400 to 3700 BC The cave paintings seen
here are comparable to the Mesolithic paintings found in
the caves of central India. The cave found here is large
enough to hold at least twenty people at one time. According
to Dr. Rajendran, the marshy place seen below just in front
of the cave once must have been a lake. Now the Shenduruny
river has the reputation that it had nourished a civilization
in the prehistoric past.
different types of vegetation have been found in Shenduruny.
a) the west coast tropical
b) west coast tropical
c) southern moist mixed
deciduous forest and
d) the southern hilltop
tropical evergreen forest.
Of these four, the tropical
evergreen forest comprises one fourth of the total area.
Radiata, the bonnet macaque, the lion-tailed macaque, the
Nilgiri langur, squirrels, the Indian giant squirrel, three
striped palm squirrel, the gaur or Indian bison, the sambar
deer, the muntjack or barking deer, the Indian chevrotain
or mouse deer, wild boar and the Indian elephant are found
in this sanctuary.
The Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife)
Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, 695
Phone : 322217.
The Wildlife Warden,
Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary,
Thenmala Dam P.O.,
Phone : 344600 - 0475.